Infertility

INFERTILITY

  • Infertility is the inability to conceive a child.
  • It is an unmet need in family planning in both the developed and developing world.
  • Men and women consider that they are blessed only if they have a child and continue their progeny.
  • About eight crores of married men and women in the age group of 18-40 suffer from infertility which is curable.
  • Infertility is a common phenomenon all over the world found among all regions and climatic conditions.
  • One in four ever-married women of reproductive age in most developing countries are infertile because of primary or secondary infertility.
  • Infertility affects up to 15% reproductive aged couples worldwide.
  • Infertility is not a disease, just a disorder.
  • Infertility is a disorder of the reproductive system defined by failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.
  • Primary infertility is infertility in a couple who have never had a child.
  • Secondary infertility is failure to conceive following a previous pregnancy.
  • Infertility may be caused by infections in the man or woman, but most often, there is no obvious underlying cause.
  • Although the male infertility is on the rise, and it has been found to be the cause of a couple’s failure to conceive in more than 50% of cases, the social burden falls disproportionately on women only.
  • In addition to the personal grief and suffering it causes, the inability to have children especially in poor communities can create broader problems, particularly for the woman, in terms of social stigma, economic hardship, social isolation, and even violence.
  • Various studies have found that childless women in developing countries are often abandoned by their husband, subjected to violence, or treated inappropriately.
  • Male infertility- In More than 90% of male infertility cases, there will be low sperm counts, poor sperm quality, or both. In remaining cases of male infertility there will be multiple range of conditions including anatomical problems, hormonal imbalances, and genetic defects.

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